India have started world’s first thermal battery plant. In this article I will give you all information related to this plant..
Worlds first thermal battery plant was unveiled at **Andhra Pradesh’s** capital Amaravati on 6 August by Chief Minister **N Chandrababu Naidu**.
This plant is Manufactured by **Bharat Energy Storage Technology (BEST) Private Limited.**
Main motive of this plant is to enhance renewable sources of target energy production and reducing dependency on non-renewable fossil fuel-based energy production.
It will also be used for energy storage for telecommunications, commercial establishments, electric vehicles and highway charging stations.
> As per the plans known, BEST aims to commercially open up the plant by
> May 2019, where it could provide an initial **capacity of 1000 MW**.
## How does it work ? ##
The thermal battery is composed of a series of cells each one having an anode, electrolyte, cathode and a heating pellet. The electrolyte, which functions as a separator between the anode and the cathode, remains solid and non-conductive until activation. The battery remains completely inert while being stored. In each battery, the necessary number of cells is connected in series or parallel, or a combination of both, in order to produce the required voltage level(s).
![how thermal battery works]
#pic credit: The indian express
At the moment of activation the pyrotechnic material (heat source) is ignited and releases energy into the cells. The temperature increases, the electrolyte melts and ion exchange takes place: the power in the cell is thus liberated. The electrical current is transmitted through the terminals to external cabling to provide the energy required to the load.[more..]
## Benefits of this plant ##
> BEST is coming up with a greenfield facility in Andhra Pradesh to
> manufacture these batteries at an investment of Rs 660 crores. This
> facility is expected to create 3,000 jobs in a span of three years.
- These batteries are better than solar panels, which depend on weather conditions and are expensive to maintain. The batteries are expected to reduce the country’s dependence on fossil fuels and other non-renewable sources of energy.
- Initially, the facility is expected to operate at a capacity of 1,000 megawatts which will later be increased to 10 gigawatts by 2025.
- This can be a milestone in the development of electric vehicles.
> It will produce batteries for telecom, mini/microgrids, and electric
> buses, that are expected to run for up to **800kms** on a single charge.